vitiligo, white patches on skin, dermatologist, skin doctor

July 13 , 2023

What is the Cause of Vitiligo Disease? Know the Facts From Experts

Are you curious about what they tell you about your health? Well, you dropped by the right place to know what these white patches mean. We will tell you in detail about how Vitiligo disease is caused and whether or not the patches are vitiligo or its lookalikes.


What is Vitiligo Disease?

It is a skin condition under which the skin loses its colour that determines the skin's tone. The extent to which loss of skin colour can be caused is unpredictable. This condition is also known as leucoderma,which can affect the skin on any part of your body. Talk to the best dermatologist in India if you notice any spotting on your skin. This can occur in people of any race. People affected by this disease experience skin loss in various areas of their bodies, often symmetrically across their body parts. Some might experience discoloration on the scalp, in the mouth, or on the eyebrows, hair, or eyelashes. Generally, they are characterised by an irregular, pale, or milky patch on the skin. Also, the illness is not life-threatening or contagious.


Different Patterns of Vitiligo


  Name of Vitiligo Patterns

  Areas of Skin Affected



  Affects a small area



  It can widespread on the skin



  Lips and genitals






  Face, hands and feet



  80% of the skin on body



  One side of the body and stay in small area of skin


         Over bony

   Near the joints


What Vitiligo Symptoms and Indicators Are There?

One or more spots of lighter skin colour are the most obvious symptoms of vitiligo. That is frequently the only indication of vitiligo. Consult best skin doctor in Jaipur if you recognise or experience any of the symptoms mentioned. Other symptoms and indicators, however, can appear. What you could see is explained in the following:

1.  Lighter Skin Patches and Spots

A person with vitiligo has damaged pigment-producing cells. Spots and lighter-coloured skin patches develop because these cells are what give the skin its colour. Anywhere on the skin, including the genitalia, can develop vitiligo.

2.  Spots Become White

The patches usually appear pink or tricolour (creating a zone of tan skin between a person's original skin colour and the white vitiligo) when vitiligo is aggressively killing the cells that give their skin its colour. The patches become entirely white when vitiligo is no longer present, as seen in this picture. Due to vitiligo, a Black woman's hands have white spots.

3.  Interior of your mouth or nose, lighter patches

Loss of colour in the mouth, on the lips, around the mouth, around the nose, or within the nose might be a symptom of vitiligo.

4.  Patches Burn Readily in the Sun

Skin that has lost its colour is more vulnerable to sunburn because of this sensitivity. Vitiligo can spread as a result of sunburns, which can also start it. Sun protection is crucial because of this. Protecting vitiligo-affected skin with sunscreen

5.  Itchy Patches

Patches of vitiligo that are actively spreading may itch. Other than that, the blotches and patches rarely hurt.

6.  Greying or Whitened Hair

The colour of a person's hair may fade as a result of vitiligo. When vitiligo affects the skin, the hair in that region may turn white. Vitiligo can also cause a person's hair to prematurely grey. Vitiligo causes premature greying and white hair.

7.  Whitening of an Eyelash, Eyebrow, or Area of Scalp Hair

Some people have colour loss on some (or all) of their eyelashes or eyebrows. Some people see a white hair strand on their head.

8.   Developing Hearing Loss

The cells that give skin, hair, and eyes their colour is called melanocytes. The body assaults melanocytes in vitiligo patients. A person may have hearing loss if their body assaults the melanocytes in their inner ear.

9.   Eye Colour Alterations

Your eyes colour could change if vitiligo affects them. This takes place rapidly. Even though it's uncommon, vitiligo can have an impact on one's vision. Does this spread over time?

It is highly unpredictable due to the progress of vitiligo disease. If you notice the any symptoms connect with top 5 skin doctor in Jaipur for more information on this condition. Some might experience a fast advancement with quick involvement of other large parts of the body, whereas in some cases, there may be a few small patches over the body.

It begins with small spots on the body that are light in colour. Now, they might stay the same or get bigger with time as the years pass, or new patches might appear on your skin. There is no certain answer to the following questions:

  • How much discolouration will occur on one’s skin?
  • Who will get large patches or small patches of skin loss?
  • Will new patches appear?


Is there a Treatment for Vitiligo?

Even though vitiligo cannot be cured, therapy may bring back the colour of the skin. According to research, having skin that is evenly toned can significantly enhance one's physical and mental health.


Can Vitiligo Spread be Stopped?

Dermatologists with board certification provide care that can:

• Return a person's skin to its original colour

•  Stop the spread of vitiligo to new locations


Nobody responds to a given therapy. A dermatologist can advise you on the solutions that are most likely to be effective for you.

Sun protection is also crucial when it comes to halting the spread. Because there is no pigment to shield your skin from the sun's rays, skin with vitiligo burns readily. Severe sunburn may make vitiligo worse.

Dermatologists suggest the following tips to protect your skin from the sun:

  • Obtain shade
  • Sun-protective attire.
  • All skin not covered by clothes should be treated with broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
  • Prevent tanning


Can Vitiligo be Avoided?

Vitiligo cannot currently be prevented. Consult a board-certified dermatologist if your skin has light-coloured areas or blotches. You can find out if you have vitiligo or another medical disease by visiting a dermatologist. Several additional skin conditions can lighten the skin and are treatable.

If you have vitiligo, the more successful your therapy will likely be, the earlier it begins. Vitiligo may be challenging to treat if it goes untreated for a long time.



In conclusion, vitiligo is a complex skin condition that affects individuals of all ages, races, and genders. While its exact causes remain unknown, researchers continue to make strides in understanding the underlying mechanisms of the disease. With advancements in medical treatments and therapies, there is hope for individuals living with vitiligo to manage and even repigment affected areas of the skin. On Health Gennie app, you can talk to the dermatologist near me from the comfort of your home to get advice on this condition. Additionally, raising awareness about vitiligo can help reduce stigmatization and promote acceptance, fostering a more inclusive society. It is crucial that we support and empower those with vitiligo, encouraging self-confidence and embracing diversity in all its forms.


Disclaimer : 
The information on this blog is not a substitute for any professional medical diagnosis or treatment. The blog contains text, images or graphics are solely for informational purpose. Before implementing the information mentioned above, seek the advice of a professional doctor regarding any doubt or question you may have about the medical condition or treatment. Also, take the advice of a professional health care provider before making changes in your health care routine.

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